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  • Writer's pictureSuzhou Zanying

What is viscose fabric ?

Viscose is the earliest chemical fiber variety put into industrial production in the world. Since the properties of viscose fiber are close to natural fibers, viscose fabrics woven from viscose fibers are popular products in the textile fabric market.

T/R Fabric
Twill T/R Fabric (55% polyester 45% viscose)

What is viscose fabric ?

Viscose fabric is a popular environmentally friendly fabric today. Before talking about fabrics, let us first talk about viscose fiber. Viscose fiber is a type of man-made fiber. In 1891, Cross, Bevan and Beadle first made sodium cellulose sulfonate solution from cotton as raw material. Due to this The viscosity of the solution is very high, hence the name "viscose".

Rayon Production Process
Viscose Fiber Production Process

When viscose encounters acid, cellulose precipitates again. Based on this principle, a method of manufacturing cellulose fibers was developed in 1893. This fiber is called "viscose fiber". The production process of viscose is relatively complicated, because any process containing viscose is called viscose fiber, so viscose fiber is generally referred to as viscose fiber by professionals, and is also called rayon and ice silk. With the advancement of technology, high-end fiber varieties such as Tencel and bamboo fiber have appeared.

Viscose Fibers
Viscose Fibers

Viscose fabrics are fabrics made from various types of viscose fibers. Currently, the most common raw materials for viscose fabrics on the market include matte silk, modal, artificial wool and other fiber materials. Their properties and uses Each one is different, but without exception, they all play an important role in life and production, and are mainly used in various types of textiles, clothing, blanket decorations, etc.

Advantages of viscose fabric

Viscose Clothes
Viscose Dress

Viscose fabric has super anti-static properties. It does not feel sticky to the body and therefore feels very smooth. It is especially suitable for making sportswear. The moisture content is also the most in line with the physiological needs of human skin, and it also has good breathability and moisture-regulating functions. It is called a "breathing fabric". The garments produced are also soft to the touch, smooth and cool, breathable, antistatic, and colorfully dyed.

Disadvantages of viscose fabric

Although this fabric has many advantages, it also has to mention some of its shortcomings. Due to the material of viscose fiber, its quality is relatively heavy, so its elasticity is poor. If it is squeezed and rubbed, it will become very elastic. It wrinkles easily and has poor recovery performance, making it difficult to restore to its original state. In addition, viscose fabrics are not resistant to washing. If washed for a long time, they will cause lint, pilling and shrinkage.

However, with the development of modern high technology and the continuous advancement of production technology, the performance of viscose fabrics has been improved step by step, and some shortcomings have been gradually overcome. Therefore, the improved viscose can have better feel and durability.

4 major categories of viscose fiber

Rayon Shirt
Rayon Shirt

Rayon: Rayon is the most common viscose fiber. It is divided into two forms: short fiber and long fiber. Short fibers are cheap, high-quality, light and cool. They are not only soft and comfortable, but can also be used for various printing and dyeing processes. They are very suitable for spring and summer clothing. The long fibers are smooth, bright and textured, and are also light and elegant, suitable for mid-to-high-end spring and summer fashion. In some places, "viscose" is used to refer to short fibers. "Rayon" refers to long fibers.

Lyocell Beding
Lyocell Beding

Lyocell: Lyocell is a new type of fiber obtained by turning wood into wood pulp and then spinning it. It is flexible but not lacking in tension. Not only can it be used to develop fabrics alone, it can also be blended with any fiber. It has high quality and has a clearer ecological value. , is a viscose fiber currently widely recognized by the fashion industry and has a huge market space.

Modal Underwear
Modal Underwear

Modal: Modal, a viscose fiber, was actually used earlier than Tencel. In the early days, it was mainly used to make knitted products, especially underwear. It is softer and more delicate than pure cotton. In recent years, we have gradually forgotten the research and development of woven fabrics, but we need to jointly develop products with wider fibers, such as modal polyester interwoven fabrics, etc. The market is very broad.

Cupro: Many people don’t know that cupro belongs to viscose fiber. In fact, cupro is also a type of viscose fiber. It is made from cotton linters and made into cupro solution and then spun. It has a metallic color and is very special. However, cupro fiber has low output and high quality, and is generally used in high-end fashion.

In addition to these 4 types, there are many types of viscose fibers. For example: bamboo fiber, acetate fiber, corn fiber, soybean fiber, etc. Different names are simply more subdivisions resulting from raw materials and production processes.

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