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  • Writer's pictureSuzhou Zanying

Textile Fiber Analysis — Burn Test (Part 2)

Updated: Sep 9, 2023

In burn test Part 1, we described the state of 9 kinds of fibers when approaching the flame, contacting the flame, and leaving the flame. Most fibers can be distinguished by these 3 burning states. In Part 2, we will teach you to identify fibers by the smell and residue after burning.

burn
Burning Paper

Cotton: It smells like paper burning when burning. The burning residue is fine and soft gray-black floc.

burn test
Cotton Burning Residue

Linen: It smells like paper burning when burning. The burning residue is fine and soft off-white floc.


Silk: It smells like hair burning when burning. The burning residue is loose and brittle black particles.

burn test
Silk Burning Residue

Wool: It smells like hair burning when burning. The burning residue is puffy and brittle black charcoal.

burn test
Wool Burning Residue

Viscose: It smells like paper burning when burning. The burning residue is a little off-white ashes.


Polyester: It has a special sweet smell when burning. The burning residue is hard black round beads.

burn test
Polyester Burning Residue

Nylon: It has an amino smell when burning. The burning residue is hard dark brown transparent round beads.

burn test
Nylon Burning Residue

Acrylic: It has a spicy smell when burning. The burning residue is black irregular brittle beads.

burn test
Acrylic Burning Residue

Vinylon: It has a unique aroma when burning. The burning residue is irregular burnt brown lumps.

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